Top Tips For Winter Driving
- Managing your journey – When weather warnings are issued, if you absolutely have to travel, and there is no alternative, make sure your journey is well planned
- Check that your planned route is clear.
- Allow realistic travel times for the conditions.
- Ensure others are aware of your journey.
- Vehicle maintenance
- Keep your vehicle well maintained/serviced and check you have a good battery. Your battery has to work much harder in the winter (working lights and wipers, for example) and can fail completely with hardly any warning.
- Tyres must have good tread depth and be inflated correctly (including the spare).
- Check cooling system contains antifreeze at the correct strength.
- Check windscreen wipers and washers are working properly – in cold temperatures use high strength screen-wash.
- Lights should be clean and working.
- Check the weather conditions
- Look at local and national TV and radio for travel and weather information.
- Ensure vehicle windows, mirrors and lights are clear from mist, frost and snow. Snow and ice reduce what you can see, and can be dangerous to other road users as it falls off your vehicle.
- Be prepared
- Check to see if you have a full tank of fuel.
- Let someone know your destination and your expected time of arrival.
- Take a mobile phone if you have one, but remember you could break down in a ‘dead area’, so take warm high visibility clothing, hot drinks, food, boots, a torch and shovel as well – it could be a long walk to a phone.
- Route selection
- Use main roads which have been salted as much as possible. Maps of routes that Councils ‘grit’ are normally available on their websites.
- Allow extra time for your journey.
- Avoid the rush hour if you can to help reduce congestion.
- On the road
- Drive according to the conditions – on treated and untreated roads.
- Reduce speed in poor visibility, where there is snow, or if ice may have formed.
- Use the highest gear possible to help keep control of the vehicle and avoid harsh braking and acceleration.
- Maintain larger safer stopping distances – three seconds between vehicles is for good conditions! A wet road surface means you’ll take twice as long to stop, so you need to be at least six seconds behind the vehicle in front.
- Use dipped headlights in poor visibility and snow, so others can see you!
- Use rear fog lights in poor visibility but remember to switch them off when conditions improve.
- Watch out for other road users, including motorbikes, pushbikes, pedestrians and children, who may also be having difficulties in the conditions.
- In the event of a breakdown
- If you get into trouble, stay with your vehicle (unless on the hard should of a motorway/dual carriageway, or otherwise stranded in a hazardous location), until help arrives.
- If you do have to leave your vehicle, make yourself visible to others.
- If you have to abandon your vehicle, give local police the details and park safely to avoid obstruction to maintenance vehicles such as snow ploughs when they are trying to treat the roads.
- Particular weather conditions
Fog is especially a danger in autumn and winter, and can cause major collisions.
- Slow down, keep your distance, and turn your lights on in fog.
- Drive very slowly using dipped headlights. Use fog lights if visibility is seriously reduced belwo 100m, but remember to switch them off when visibility improves.
- Don’t hang on the tail lights of the vehicle in front – this gives you a false sense of security and means you may be driving too close
- Don’t speed up suddenly – even if it seems to be clearing, you can suddenly find yourself back in thick fog.
Ice, snow and slush drastically reduce the ability of your tyres to grip the road, which means that slowing down, speeding up, or changing direction all become hazardous. The trick to driving in these conditions is to be as smooth as possible.
- Drive slowly, allowing extra room to slow down and stop.
- It can take ten times longer to stop in icy conditions than on a dry road.
- Use the highest gear possible to avoid wheel spin, manoeuvre gently, and avoid harsh braking and acceleration.
- To brake on ice and snow without locking your wheels, get into a low gear earlier than normal, allow your speed to fall, and use the brake pedal gently.
- If you skid, ease off the accelerator but do not brake or steer suddenly.
It is best not to enter floodwater at all – if you can take an alternative route, do so. If you enter floodwater:
- Drive slowly in first gear, but keep the engine speed high by slipping the clutch – this will stop you from stalling.
- Go through the water one vehicle at a time.
- Avoid the deepest water, which is generally near the kerb. Don’t attempt to cross if the water seems too deep. Watch others!
- Remember – test your brakes a few times after you are through the flood before you drive at normal speed.
- Be sure to give cyclists and motorcyclists extra room in bad weather.
- Dazzle from the low winter sun can be dangerous. Carry a pair of sunglasses in the car just in case it’s too low for the visor.
- It takes twice as long to stop on a wet road as it does on a dry one, and up to ten times longer in icy conditions.